There are a ton of very capable cameras on the market today, but landscape photography has its own requirements. Unlike wildlife photography, autofocus and speed are less important. Instead, image quality is the top priority. While a higher megapixel count can help, most modern cameras can turn out great images with plenty of dynamic range regardless of sensor size and resolution. Portability, battery life, and weather sealing can also be important considerations depending on your needs and preferences, whether you're hiking up mountains or capturing scenic views while traveling.
High-end professional models like the Sony a7R IV, the Nikon D850, and the Canon EOS R5 have ridiculously high-resolution sensors that are ideal for pros, but there are still a lot of great options out there at more affordable price points for enthusiasts and hobbyists. Most of our picks are DSLR cameras since the advantages of mirrorless cameras are less relevant for landscape photography, and the longer battery life of DSLR options tends to come in handy when venturing out to capture remote landscapes. But that doesn't mean you won't still get excellent results from almost any modern mirrorless alternative. And really, it's your lens that'll end up making the biggest difference for landscape photography. As a general rule, it's better to invest in a less expensive camera body and higher-quality lenses than it is to invest in an expensive camera body and cheap lenses.
We've bought and tested over 75 cameras, and below you'll find our recommendations for the best cameras for landscape photography for most people to buy. If you're looking for something more portable to capture landscapes while you travel, check out our picks for the best travel cameras. Or, if you want more well-rounded options for various kinds of photography, you can look at our recommendations for the best cameras for general photography or the best cameras we've tested.
While there are more expensive pro models that'll get you even remarkably high-resolution photos, the enthusiast-oriented Nikon D780 is a fantastic DSLR for landscape photography. It has an incredible battery life, so it can easily last you throughout long shooting days at remote locations. It's also remarkably well-built, weather-sealed, and feels great in the hand, with plenty of physical controls and customization options. It also has a tilting screen that makes it easy to frame your shot from a tripod. Aside from its design and ergonomics, the D780 is well-suited to landscape photography because of its excellent backside-illuminated full-frame sensor.
At 24.5 MP, it isn't the highest resolution option you can get, but for most users, that'll be more than enough to give you some cropping leeway and make reasonably-sized prints. It also has a fantastic dynamic range and high-ISO performance for trickier lighting conditions. If you think you'd prefer something with some extra megapixels without necessarily getting into pro territory, the Sony α7 IV is one of the best enthusiast mirrorless models on the market and has a 33 MP full-frame sensor. However, it's more expensive, and most of its advantages are in video rather than photography, so we still recommend the D780 over it for landscapes.
If you're looking for something a little more affordable, the Sony α7 III is one of the most popular full-frame cameras from recent years. Though it's now been replaced by the Sony α7 IV, it still holds its own when it comes to photography, making it a great deal for landscape shooters. Its 24 MP sensor has fantastic dynamic range and is well-suited to low-light shooting for nighttime landscapes. And while its color science is a bit lackluster straight out of the camera compared to the Nikon D780, you still have plenty of leeway with RAW files.
While battery life falls short of DSLR standards, it's still excellent for a mirrorless model, which is great for long shooting days. It's also a more portable camera overall, and it comes with plenty of customizable buttons and dials to tailor to your preferences, though its ergonomics do feel a bit lacking compared to competitors. If ergonomics are important to you, the Canon EOS R is another great option for landscape photography, with an even higher-resolution sensor and viewfinder. However, it doesn't have as much dynamic range or noise-handling capability. That said, these differences are ultimately marginal, especially if you're just going to be sharing your photos online.
If full-frame options like the ones above are out of your price range, the Fujifilm X-T4 is one of the best APS-C models we've tested and a great option for landscape photography. It's portable, making it easy to take on long hikes, and it's weather-sealed, meaning less worry on rainy days. Inside is a 26 MP sensor with good dynamic range that takes excellent photos straight out of the camera. It also has a solid battery life for a mirrorless camera, which is great for long days on the go.
The Olympus OM-D E-M1 Mark III also shouldn't be overlooked in this price range. It has a smaller Micro Four Thirds sensor than the Fuji, so dynamic range and noise handling are naturally more limited. However, it's a super portable camera system with excellent ergonomics. It also has a nifty 'High-Res Shot' mode, which is great for landscapes, that creates composite images with effective resolutions of up to 80 MP. Overall, the X-T4 has an edge because of its larger sensor, but if you want something more portable, the Olympus is a great alternative.
Though mirrorless cameras offer many advantages in areas like autofocus and shooting speed, these features are less important for landscape photography, meaning a crop-sensor DSLR like the Canon EOS 90D makes for a solid mid-range option for those who can't afford a full-frame model and don't want to give up having an optical viewfinder. Fitted with a 32.5 MP crop sensor, the 90D delivers good image quality right out of the box, with a good amount of dynamic range to bring out detail in high-contrast landscapes. The higher resolution is also great if you want to get prints of your photos.
Unfortunately, it isn't as portable as mirrorless options like the Fujifilm X-T4, making it a bit less convenient to carry around during long shooting days. On the upside, it feels very comfortable to shoot with, thanks to its large handgrip, intuitive control scheme, and easy-to-use menu system. It's also weather-sealed, meaning you can shoot in more adverse weather conditions, and it has a fantastic battery life that can easily last for a whole day or more, depending on your shooting habits. All in all, if you're interested in a crop-sensor DSLR that won't break the bank and feels easy to shoot with, this is a great choice.
If you're on a tighter budget or you're just starting, an entry-level camera like the Nikon D5600 is a great way to go. This DSLR is built around a great APS-C sensor with impressive dynamic range for those trickier high-contrast scenes. Like the Canon EOS 90D, it's got an excellent battery life and great ergonomics, along with simple, intuitive controls that make it a great choice for beginners.
A budget mirrorless option like the Canon EOS M50 Mark II can also be a good choice if you're just starting, and while it's more portable, it has a significantly shorter battery life, and lens options are more limited. The D5600, on the other hand, has a long line of DSLR lens options to choose from, so you can easily step up your landscape game as your skill level increases.
Dec 09, 2022: Added the Sony a7 III as the 'Best Upper Mid-Range Camera For Landscape Photography' and shifted the Fujifilm X-T4 and the Canon EOS 90D down to the 'Mid-Range' and 'Lower Mid-Range' spots, respectively.
Oct 11, 2022: Restructured article to better match user expectations and market conditions.
Feb 24, 2022: Reviewed article for accuracy with no change to recommendations.
Feb 02, 2022: Moved the SIGMA fp L to Notable Mentions, moved the Sony a7C to 'Compact Alternative' to the Sony a7 III, renamed the Fujifilm X-T4 the 'Best APS-C Mirrorless Camera For Landscape Photography', and renamed the Canon EOS 90D the 'Best APS-C DSLR For Landscape Photography'.
Jan 12, 2022: Verified that picks still represent the best choices for their given categories.
Our recommendations above are what we think are currently the best cameras for landscape photography for most people to buy, according to their needs. We factor in the price, feedback from our visitors, and availability (no cameras that are difficult to find or almost out of stock in the U.S.).
If you'd like to choose for yourself, here's the list of all of our camera reviews, arranged by their landscape photography score. Be careful not to get caught up in the details. There is no single perfect camera. Personal taste, preference, and shooting habits will matter more in your selection.