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Nikon D780 Camera Review

Tested using Methodology v0.12
Review updated May 03, 2022 at 09:57 am
Latest change: Writing modified Apr 12, 2023 at 07:57 am
Nikon D780 Picture
7.8
Travel Photography
8.6
Landscape Photography
7.8
Sport & Wildlife Photography
5.9
Vlogging
8.2
Studio Video
4.9
Action Video

The Nikon D780 replaces the popular Nikon D750 DSLR, with key improvements in autofocus, battery life, and high ISO performance, along with added 4k video capability and a touchscreen. Its hybrid autofocus system gives you the best of DSLR technology through the viewfinder while borrowing the on-sensor phase-detection autofocus system from the mirrorless Nikon Z 6 when shooting in Live View. It isn't the most portable camera, but its robust build quality makes it a great workhorse that can put up with extensive use, and its 24.5-megapixel full-frame sensor ensures high-quality images in all kinds of lighting conditions. Sitting above the mid-range Nikon D7500 and below the pro-grade Nikon D850, this is an excellent option for enthusiasts who want the best that DSLRs have to offer.

Our Verdict

7.8 Travel Photography

The Nikon D780 is good for travel photography, though it isn't very portable. Despite its bulky size and heavy weight, it's very comfortable to shoot with. It also delivers amazing overall image quality, with a broad dynamic range and fantastic noise handling capability even at high ISO levels, which is great for nighttime photography. Its wide shutter speed range allows you to capture still frames of fast-moving subjects or take long-exposure photos, while its autofocus system is versatile and reliable. It has an incredibly long battery life to get you through long days on the go.

Pros
  • Excellent image quality.
  • Superb autofocus performance on photography.
  • Long battery life.
  • Sturdy-feeling weather-sealed construction.
Cons
  • Bulky and heavy design.
8.6 Landscape Photography

The Nikon D780 is great for landscape photography. Image quality is excellent, with a broad dynamic range and very little noise as you step up the ISO, so it's well-suited to shooting nighttime or low-light landscapes. It also feels very well-built with a robust, weather-sealed body. Its tilting screen is bright enough to be legible even under direct sunlight. Unfortunately, while it's comfortable to hold, it's very bulky, making it a hassle to bring to remote shooting locations.

Pros
  • Excellent image quality.
  • Long battery life.
  • Sturdy-feeling weather-sealed construction.
  • Tilting screen is bright.
Cons
  • Bulky and heavy design.
7.8 Sport & Wildlife Photography

The Nikon D780 is a great option for sports and wildlife photography. While its max burst rate isn't especially quick, it has an extremely fast max shutter speed and a reliable autofocus system that makes it easy to capture photos of fast-moving subjects. Also, its very short buffer clearing time lets you fire off long continuous bursts without extended interruptions. Image quality is also excellent, and the camera feels comfortable to use and very sturdy. It doesn't have in-body image stabilization, meaning you'll have to rely on optically stabilized lenses when shooting in low light at slower shutter speeds.

Pros
  • Excellent image quality.
  • Superb autofocus performance on photography.
  • Long battery life.
  • High maximum shutter speed.
  • Short photo buffer clearing time.
Cons
  • Bulky and heavy design.
5.9 Vlogging

The Nikon D780 isn't meant for vlogging. It's very big and bulky, making it a challenge to carry around for extended periods. The screen also only tilts and doesn't rotate, meaning you can't see the monitor when the camera's facing you. It also lacks in-body image stabilization, so it can struggle to eliminate camera shake. That said, video quality in 4k and 1080p is good overall, and its autofocus system does a pretty good job tracking faces.

Pros
  • Good overall recording quality.
  • Can shoot in 4k without a crop.
Cons
  • Poor video stabilization performance in 4k.
  • Bulky and heavy design.
  • Screen only tilts and doesn't fully rotate.
8.2 Studio Video

The Nikon D780 is great for studio video work. Video quality in both 1080p and 4k is good, with sharply rendered object contours and surfaces and fairly low levels of noise even in dark environments. It features a wide selection of ports and inputs for videography accessories, with microphone and headphone jacks and a clean HDMI output for using an external recorder without any overlays. Its N-Log shooting mode also helps preserve the camera's high dynamic range while recording. Its autofocus system does a pretty good job of acquiring and maintaining focus on moving objects and faces.

Pros
  • Long battery life.
  • Good overall recording quality.
  • Can shoot in 4k without a crop.
  • Wide selection of inputs and outputs.
  • Easy to use menu system.
Cons
  • Incapable of shooting 4k video at more than 30 fps.
4.9 Action Video

The Nikon D780 isn't designed for action video. It's far too big to mount onto a chest or helmet rig. Its video stabilization performance in 4k is sub-par, but it performs decently well while shooting 1080p footage. It can't shoot 4k video at more than 30 fps, but it supports 120 fps recording in 1080p, which is great for smooth action videos or generating slow-motion clips. It also feels well-built and is rated as being weather-sealed.

Pros
  • Good overall recording quality.
  • Can shoot in 4k without a crop.
Cons
  • Poor video stabilization performance in 4k.
  • Incapable of shooting 4k video at more than 30 fps.
  • Bulky and heavy design.
  • 7.8 Travel Photography
  • 8.6 Landscape Photography
  • 7.8 Sport & Wildlife Photography
  • 5.9 Vlogging
  • 8.2 Studio Video
  • 4.9 Action Video
  1. Updated Apr 12, 2023: We incorrectly noted that this camera uses a contrast-detection AF system in viewfinder mode. The 'Photo AF-C Tracking' box has been updated to correct this.
  2. Updated Dec 14, 2022: Added text to 'Photo AF-C Tracking' and 'Photo AF-C Center Point' boxes, with minor touch-ups throughout the review for clarity.
  3. Updated Dec 14, 2022: Converted to Test Bench 0.12.
  4. Updated Dec 01, 2022: Converted to Test Bench 0.11.
  5. Updated Sep 16, 2022: Converted to Test Bench 0.10.
  6. Updated Aug 08, 2022: As a result of Test Bench 0.9, we've updated the 'Photo RAW Dynamic Range' box and adjusted scores accordingly.
  7. Updated Aug 05, 2022: Converted to Test Bench 0.9.
  8. Updated May 03, 2022: Added text to the whole review.
  9. Updated Apr 22, 2022: Converted to Test Bench 0.8.
  10. Updated Mar 10, 2021: Review published.
  11. Updated Mar 08, 2021: Early access published.

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Differences Between Sizes And Variants

The Nikon D780 is only available in 'Black', and you can see our unit's label here. You can buy it in a bundle with the Nikkor 24-120mm f/4G ED VR lens, though it's compatible with other F-mount lenses. You can also buy it without a lens.

If you come across a different variant, let us know in the discussions, and we'll update our review.

Compared To Other Cameras

The Nikon D780 is a fantastic enthusiast-oriented DSLR. With its hybrid autofocus system and dense feature set, it combines the best of both the mirrorless and DSLR worlds, making it suitable for lots of photography styles. It isn't ideal for filmmaking or run-and-gun video since it can only shoot 8-bit video internally, lacks in-body image stabilization, and is quite heavy and bulky.

It improves upon its predecessor, the Nikon D750, in a few ways. It has a new backside-illuminated (BSI) sensor to help improve the light gathering of the sensor's pixels and a wider ISO range. It has a faster max shutter speed (1/8000s vs. 1/4000s), a slightly faster max continuous shooting speed (7 fps vs. 6.5 fps), and 4k video capability, along with a better battery and a higher-resolution screen that now has touch capability. Unless you need to shoot 4k video, however, the differences probably aren't worth the upgrade if you already own the D750.

For more options, check out our recommendations for the best cameras for photography, the best DSLR cameras, and the best cameras.

Canon EOS 90D

The Nikon D780 is better overall than the Canon EOS 90D, but they're aimed at people with different experience levels. The Canon is a mid-range DSLR with an APS-C sensor, while the Nikon is an enthusiast-grade DSLR with a full-frame sensor. The Nikon performs better in low light and has a more versatile hybrid autofocus system that tracks subjects a little more reliably for photography. It also has a second SD card slot and a longer battery life. The Canon is more portable, has a fully articulated screen, and shoots at a faster max burst rate.

Canon EOS 6D Mark II

The Nikon D780 is better overall than the Canon EOS 6D Mark II. Both are full-frame DSLRs that can take high-quality images, but the Nikon is a higher-end camera aimed at more advanced shooters. It has a faster max burst rate and a more effective autofocus system, which borrows from the mirrorless Nikon Z 6 when shooting in Live View, giving you more versatility for different shooting situations. Unlike the Canon, the Nikon can also record 4k video and offers more frame rate options in 1080p, including 120 fps for slow-motion footage. The Nikon also has a longer battery life, although it's slightly heavier and bulkier than the Canon.

Nikon Z 5

The Nikon D780 is better overall than the Nikon Z 5, though they use different camera technologies. Though both are full-frame cameras, the D780 is an enthusiast-level DSLR, so it has an optical viewfinder, while the Z 5 is an entry-level mirrorless camera with an electronic viewfinder. Both feel well-built and comfortable to shoot with, but the Z 5 is significantly lighter and more portable. The D780 has a longer battery life and a more versatile autofocus system since it uses both contrast- and phase-detection AF depending on whether you shoot through the viewfinder or Live View on the screen. The Z 5 can only shoot 4k video with a severe crop, but on the upside, it has in-body image stabilization, meaning you can use non-optically stabilized lenses.

Nikon D5600

The Nikon D780 is a better DSLR than the Nikon D5600, but they're aimed at photographers of different experience levels. The D5600 is an entry-level camera with an APS-C sensor, while the D780 is a full-frame model aimed at enthusiasts. The D780, therefore, has a more advanced control scheme and more customizable options. Unlike the D5600, it can record 4k video. It has a more advanced and effective autofocus system and delivers better image quality, particularly in low light at high ISOs. That said, the D5600 is significantly lighter and more portable.

Nikon Z 6II

The Nikon Z 6II and the Nikon D780 are both premium full-frame cameras, but they use different technologies, each with advantages and disadvantages. The Z 6II is a mirrorless camera with an electronic viewfinder that lets you preview your exposure settings directly through the viewfinder. It's more portable than the D780, which is a DSLR and has an optical viewfinder that gives you an unfiltered, lag-free view through the lens. The Z 6II has in-body image stabilization, and it can shoot at a faster burst rate. It also has a slot for faster CFexpress cards in addition to an SD card slot. The D780 has a hybrid autofocus system that combines the AF system from the Z 6 when shooting in Live View with a more typical DSLR AF system when shooting through the viewfinder, giving it a bit of added versatility.

Sony ฮฑ7 III

The Sony α7 III and the Nikon D780 are both enthusiast-oriented full-frame cameras, but they're different camera types. The Sony is a mirrorless camera with an electronic viewfinder that lets you see changes to exposure directly through the finder, while the Nikon is a DSLR with an optical viewfinder that gives you a lag-free, unfiltered view through the lens. The Sony is lighter and more portable and has a more reliable overall autofocus system. However, the Nikon has a longer battery life and more intuitive menu system and controls.

Canon EOS R

The Canon EOS R and the Nikon D780 are both premium full-frame cameras, though they use different camera technologies. The Canon is a mirrorless camera, while the Nikon is a DSLR. The Nikon uses an optical viewfinder, giving you a direct lag-free view through the lens, while the Canon has no mirror mechanism and relies on an electronic viewfinder, which lets you preview exposure settings live through the viewfinder. The Canon is lighter and more portable, but the Nikon has much longer battery life. Unfortunately, the Canon can only shoot 4k video with a severe 1.75x crop and only has a single SD card slot, unlike the Nikon, which has two. Otherwise, they both deliver excellent image quality and effective autofocus performance.

Canon EOS Rebel SL3

The Nikon D780 is better than the Canon EOS Rebel SL3, but they're aimed at photographers of different experience levels. The Canon is an entry-level DSLR with an APS-C sensor. The Nikon is an enthusiast-grade DSLR with a full-frame sensor, meaning it performs better in low light and offers more advanced features like a weather-sealed body, more physical buttons and dials, and more customization options. It has a more advanced autofocus hybrid autofocus system that's more reliable at tracking moving subjects, and it can shoot 4k video without a crop and has with more frame rate options. Its battery life is considerably longer, too. The Nikon is also much heavier and bulkier than the Canon.

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Test Results

perceptual testing image
Design
2.4
Design
Portability
Height
4.6" (11.6 cm)
Width
5.7" (14.6 cm)
Depth
3.5" (8.8 cm)
Volume
90.9 inยณ (1,490.4 cmยณ)
Weight
1.85 lbs (0.84 kg)

The Nikon D780 isn't very portable. It's heavy and bulky, making it harder to carry around for long periods, although it still feels well-balanced with its kit lens attached. If you'd prefer a more portable full-frame camera, consider a mirrorless option like the Sony ฮฑ7 IV.

8.5
Design
Build Quality

The camera body is made of magnesium alloy and carbon fiber, and it feels excellently constructed. The buttons feel solid and give decent physical feedback. The tilting mechanism of the screen also feels sturdy. A secure locking door covers the SD card and battery compartment, while rubber flaps cover the inputs and outputs. The camera is also weather-sealed against elements like moisture and dust, giving you some added protection when shooting in more adverse weather conditions.

Design
Body
Body Type
DSLR
Water Resistance
Weather-Sealed
Mirrorless
No
Rugged
No
Hot Shoe
Yes
Customizable Button
Yes
Command Dial
2
Tripod Mount
Yes
Lens Mount
F Mount
Built-In Flash
No
Fastest Shutter Speed
1/8,000 s

This camera has several customizable buttons, including two custom shooting modes on the mode dial. You can also remap many existing functions to suit your preferences.

Design
In The Box

  • Nikon D780 camera body
  • Nikkor 24-120mm f/4G ED VR lens
  • Lens cap
  • Rear lens cover
  • Sensor cap
  • Lens hood
  • Lens bag
  • Viewfinder eyepiece cap
  • USB-A to USB-C cable
  • AC cable
  • Battery charger
  • 1x Nikon EN-EL15b battery
  • Shoulder strap
  • User manual

8.0
Design
Ergonomics & Comfort
Hand Grip: Small Hand
Yes
Hand Grip: Medium Hand
Yes
Hand Grip: Large Hand
Yes
Hand Grip: Extra-Large Hand
Yes

The Nikon D780 feels very comfortable to shoot with. It's suitable for all hand sizes, and its large handgrip and rubberized thumb rest make it easy to maintain a secure hold on the camera. The eyecup around the viewfinder feels comfortable, and you can easily change settings with either eye to the viewfinder thanks to its many physical controls and intuitive button layout. The camera's heavy weight and size also make it a bit cumbersome to carry around, especially if your hands are on the smaller side.

Design
Viewfinder
Viewfinder Type
Optical
Advertised Coverage
100%
Advertised Resolution
N/A
Advertised Magnification
0.7

The optical viewfinder gives you a clear, lag-free view through the lens. It's large and comfortable to rest your eye against.

8.0
Design
Screen
Screen Articulation Type
Tilting
Screen Max Brightness
945 cd/mยฒ
Advertised Resolution
2.36 million dots
Size
3.2" (8.1 cm)
Touchscreen
Yes

The Nikon D780 has a large, tilting screen, which lets you quickly and easily take shots from lower angles. The screen is very bright, enough to overcome glare on sunny days, and its high resolution gives you a clear view of whatever you're shooting. It has full touch capability, meaning you can use it to navigate the menu and select focus points or take a picture when the 'Touch AF' or 'Touch Shutter' settings are enabled.

9.0
Design
Menu System
Guide Mode
Yes
App Name
Nikon SnapBridge

The menu system is fantastic, similar to other Nikon cameras like the Nikon Z 6II. Although there are a lot of settings, and it can be hard to find some of the more advanced camera functions, the menu is clearly organized and easy to navigate with either the touchscreen or the directional pad. It has lots of customization options and a quick menu to quickly access commonly used settings.

not tested
Design
Built-In Lens
Maximum Aperture
No built-in lens
Max Aperture (Full-Frame Equivalent)
N/A
Minimum Focal Length
N/A
Maximum Focal Length
N/A
Max Focal Length (Full-Frame Equivalent)
N/A
Optical Image Stabilization
No
Luminance
N/A
Light Falloff
N/A
Design
Sensor
Sensor Type
BSI CMOS
Advertised Effective Pixels
24.5 MP
Sensor Size
Full Frame
Processor
EXPEED 6
Extended ISO Minimum
50
Native ISO Minimum (Base ISO)
100
Native ISO Maximum
51,200
Tested Firmware
1.02
8.8
Design
Battery
Battery Type
Nikon EN-EL15b
USB Charging
Yes
Use When Charging
Yes
Advertised Battery Life In Photo
2,260 photos
Tested Battery Life In Video
95 min

Battery life is fantastic. You can easily go multiple days of shooting without recharging the battery, depending on how often you shoot and how you use it. Recording a lot of video, for instance, drains it faster, but it still lasts a decently long time for continuous video recording. It also supports USB charging while in use, so you can bring a portable battery pack for longer video recording sessions.

Photo General
6.5
Photo General
Photo Shooting Speed
Low Speed Continuous
4 fps
High Speed Continuous
7 fps
Silent Shooting Continuous
4 fps
Raw Buffer Size
100 Photos
JPEG Buffer Size
100 Photos
Buffer Empty Time
3 s

The Nikon D780 has a fairly large buffer, especially for RAW photos, and thankfully, it clears its buffer very quickly, so you can get back to shooting should you fill the buffer up. It can shoot at a fairly quick continuous shooting speed with its mechanical shutter. Though it isn't the fastest burst rate out there, it's still suitable for reasonably quick subjects. It also shoots at up to 12 fps when using 12-bit electronic shutter mode. E-shutters can distort very fast-moving subjects, but this mode is helpful if you want to shoot silently.

6.6
Photo General
Photo AF-C Tracking
Autofocus Tracking Shots
Perfect Focus Hit Rate
53%
Usable Focus Hit Rate
67%

The Nikon D780 has a hybrid autofocus system. When shooting through the viewfinder, it uses the same advanced Multi-CAM 3500FX II cross-type autofocus system found on the Nikon D750, with algorithms borrowed from the Nikon D5. This mode gives you a smaller focus area with 51 AF points clustered in the center of the frame. When shooting through the screen in Live View, it uses an on-sensor phase-detection AF system borrowed from the Nikon Z 6. This mode has 273 AF points across a much wider coverage area, letting you track moving subjects closer to the edges of the frame.

The camera supports face and eye detection and lets you quickly switch between faces when multiple are detected in the frame. Through the viewfinder, the camera uses Nikon's '3D Tracking', which uses predictive algorithms to automatically track subjects after you've locked onto them. In Live View, it uses a slightly different subject tracking feature that you have to engage by pressing the 'OK' button before half-pressing the shutter to lock onto your subject. The camera has a touch tracking feature that lets you select the subject by touching the screen, although we found touch tracking to be fairly unreliable.

The results shown here are those we achieved when using the viewfinder, since it resulted in more keepers than in Live View mode, though the camera's performance will vary depending on your shooting conditions, subject, and lens. Overall, the camera does an okay job of tracking moving objects and faces, but it still sometimes can't quite keep up with faster or more erratic subjects, though most shots are still usable.

9.1
Photo General
Photo AF-C Center Point
Autofocus Center Point Shots
Perfect Focus Hit Rate
88%
Usable Focus Hit Rate
100%

If you prefer to disable tracking and use a single focus point, the AF is very reliable. The camera can quickly achieve focus on subjects in the focus point, which is great for subjects that are moving more slowly or in a predictable pattern.

9.0
Photo General
Photo Image Stabilization
Minimum Shutter Speed Achieved
1/5 s
In-Body Image Stabilization
No

The Nikon D780 doesn't have in-body image stabilization, but you can use optically stabilized lenses like the Nikkor 24-120mm f/4G ED VR kit lens. The 'VR' stands for 'Vibration Reduction', which is Nikon's term for image stabilization. Though it doesn't have IBIS, this camera does have an electronic stabilization feature for added stability. Combining electronic stabilization with optical stabilization does a fantastic job of reducing camera shake, meaning you can take handheld shots at very slow shutter speeds.

Photo Image Quality
9.1
Photo Image Quality
Photo RAW Dynamic Range
Dynamic Range At Base ISO
11.2 f-stops
Dynamic Range At 1/500s Exposure Time
10.1 f-stops
Dynamic Range At 1/2000s Exposure Time
9.3 f-stops
Dynamic Range At 1/4000s Exposure Time
7.6 f-stops

The Nikon D780 has fantastic dynamic range. It has a very wide usable dynamic range at its base ISO, allowing you to capture a broader range of highlight and shadow detail in a single shot. The camera has really good noise handling and exposure latitude, so you can adjust the exposure of a shot a fair amount before getting much visual noise.

8.4
Photo Image Quality
Photo RAW Sharpness
Vertical Edge MTF50 At Base ISO
2,098 LW/PH
Horizontal Edge MTF50 At Base ISO
1,839 LW/PH

The camera's sensor has a fairly high resolution, meaning it can resolve fine detail very well. Even when punching in, you can make out fine textures and detail.

9.5
Photo Image Quality
Photo RAW Noise
SNR 18% At 1/8 Exposure Time (125 ms)
35.7dB
SNR 18% At 1/125 Exposure Time (8 ms)
30.9 dB
SNR 18% At 1/1000 Exposure Time (1 ms)
23.6dB
SNR 18% At 1/4000 Exposure Time (0.25 ms)
17.8dB

The Nikon D780 has superb RAW noise handling thanks to its dual-gain sensor. These types of sensors have two different readout modes for lower and higher ISOs. Above a certain ISO, the sensor uses more gain at the expense of dynamic range to reduce noise. Compared to a camera without dual-gain technology, like the Nikon Z 5, we can see that RAW files have even better noise performance at higher ISO levels, allowing you to shoot in low light with minimal noise and less color fringing.

Pictures Sample Gallery
Pictures Sample Gallery
The Skate Park Picture
JPEG Skate Park Picture Download
RAW Skate Park Picture Download
Pictures Sample Gallery
The Polish Church Picture
JPEG Polish Church Picture Download
RAW Polish Church Picture Download
Pictures Sample Gallery
The Studio Picture
JPEG Studio Picture Download
RAW Studio Picture Download
Pictures Sample Gallery
The Stairway Picture
JPEG Stairway Picture Download
RAW Stairway Picture Download
Video General
Video General
Video Features
Full HD Video
Yes
4k Video
Yes
6k Video
No
Clean HDMI Output
Yes
Advertised Max Chroma Sampling Over HDMI
Not Advertised
Advertised Max Bit Depth Over HDMI
10 bits
Log Picture Profile
Yes
Recording Light
No

The Nikon D780 supports Log shooting in N-Log format, allowing you to capture a wider usable dynamic range. It can also record in 10-bit color depth over HDMI, which allows the camera to capture more color information and gives you more room to play around with the look of your videos in post-production.

Video General
Audio
Audio Test Sample
Audio Recording
Stereo
Microphone Level Display
Yes
Video General
Video File Format And Compression
MP4 H.264 / MPEG-4 AVC
Yes
MP4 H.265 / HEVC
No
MOV H.264 / MPEG-4 AVC
Yes
MOV H.265 / HEVC
No
AVCHD H.264 / MPEG-4 AVC
No
All-I Compression
No
4k Video
8.5
4k Video
4k Video Frame Rate
240 fps In 4k
No
120 fps In 4k
No
60 fps In 4k
No
30 fps In 4k
Yes
24 fps In 4k
Yes
4k Crop At Max Available fps
1 x

The Nikon D780 can shoot 4k video up to 30 fps, which is good for capturing more cinematic or natural-looking video.

7.8
4k Video
4k Video Internal Recording
Bitrate Maximum In 4k
120 Mbps
Bitrate Minimum In 4k
120 Mbps
Chroma Sampling In 4k
4:2:0
Bit Depth In 4k
8 Bit
Record Time Limit In 4k
30 min
Overheat Recording Interruptions in 4k
0

The Nikon D780 has good internal recording capability in 4k. It has a pretty standard 30-minute recording time limit, meaning you can capture fairly long takes, but it's not good for long continuous recording. Thankfully, the camera doesn't overheat or shut down while recording for long periods. That said, it's limited to 8-bit 4:2:0 color internally, so if you want to record in 10-bit to capture more color information and have more leeway when editing your footage, you'll need to connect an external recorder over HDMI.

7.3
4k Video
4k Video Autofocus Performance
Object Tracking In 4k
7.3
Face Tracking In 4k
8.0
Face Detection In 4k
Yes
Eye Detection In 4k
No

Autofocus performance is decent when recording 4k video. When shooting video, it uses a 273-point phase-detect AF system over Live View, which does a decent job tracking moving objects, although there can be a bit of a delay when the subject moves before the camera finds it again. Unfortunately, the camera doesn't support eye tracking in video mode, but it still tracks faces and does a great job overall at keeping moving human subjects in focus.

8.5
4k Video
4k Video Quality
Low Light Capability In 4k
8.0
Test Scene Extract In 4k
9.0

Video quality is excellent in 4k. Videos look crisp and detailed, with colors that pop. It also does a great job in low light, with minimal noise in dark parts of the image. You can see a fair amount of detail in the shadows, although finer details, like the texture of the walls or tire tracks on the floor of the parking garage, can get flattened or lost.

5.7
4k Video
4k Video Rolling Shutter Effect
4k Rolling Shutter
7.0ยฐ

Unfortunately, there's significant rolling shutter effect in 4k. It's especially noticeable when panning the camera at faster speeds, causing severe skewing with vertical lines and objects.

Full HD Video
9.5
Full HD Video
FHD Video Frame Rate
240 fps In FHD
No
120 fps In FHD
Yes
60 fps In FHD
Yes
30 fps In FHD
Yes
24 fps In FHD
Yes
FHD Crop At Max Available fps
1 x

The Nikon D780 can record 1080p video up to 120 fps, which is fantastic if you want to incorporate slow-motion footage into your videos.

7.8
Full HD Video
FHD Video Internal Recording
Bitrate Maximum In FHD
120 Mbps
Bitrate Minimum In FHD
12 Mbps
Chroma Sampling In FHD
4:2:0
Bit Depth In FHD
8 Bit
Record Time Limit in FHD
30 min

This camera has good internal recording capability in 1080p. As with 4k, it has a 30-minute recording time limit, meaning you can record fairly long takes. However, it's limited to 8-bit 4:2:0 recording internally, so there's a limited amount of color information it can record, giving you less latitude when editing your footage.

7.2
Full HD Video
FHD Video Autofocus Performance
Object Tracking In FHD
7.3
Face Tracking In FHD
7.9
Face Detection In FHD
Yes
Eye Detection In FHD
No

In 1080p, autofocus performance is decent. When shooting video, it uses a 273-point phase-detect AF system over Live View. Overall, it performs similarly to how it does in 4k, with quick and accurate focusing, but it can sometimes take a moment to find its target again after it's moved. Unfortunately, eye tracking isn't available in video mode.

7.5
Full HD Video
FHD Video Quality
Low Light Capability In FHD
7.5
Test Scene Extract In FHD
7.5

1080p video quality is good. It looks good in more controlled lighting, with a sharp image and vibrant colors. It's still good in low light, though it struggles a bit more than in 4k to bring out shadow detail. Thankfully, there isn't too much noise or pixelation.

7.5
Full HD Video
FHD Video Rolling Shutter Effect
FHD Rolling Shutter
3.0ยฐ

There's much less rolling shutter effect when shooting in 1080p. Though there's still some distortion, it's hardly noticeable except when moving the camera very quickly, so it isn't especially distracting.

Storage And Connectivity
Storage And Connectivity
Storage
Card 1 Slot
SD Card UHS-II
Card 2 Slot
SD Card UHS-II

The Nikon D780 has two SD card slots rated for higher-speed UHS-II cards. This is great for pros who don't want to run out of storage while in the middle of a shoot or those who shoot a lot and want to have a running backup on the go. They're well-placed on the side of the camera, too, so you can easily switch out cards when using a tripod.

9.5
Storage And Connectivity
Inputs / Outputs
USB
USB-C
HDMI
Mini (Type C)
Headphones
Yes
Microphone
Stereo
Wi-Fi
Yes
Bluetooth
Yes

The camera has a wide array of inputs and outputs. There's a Mini HDMI port to connect to an external display or recorder for more involved video projects. It also has a microphone input and a headphone jack, which is great for filmmaking and lets you monitor your audio directly through the camera.