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Framework Laptop (2021) Laptop Review

Tested using Methodology v0.8
Reviewed Feb 14, 2022 at 10:34 am
Framework Laptop (2021) Picture
8.3
School
6.5
Gaming
7.4
Multimedia
7.8
Workstation
8.3
Business
This laptop was replaced by the Framework Laptop (2022)
Size
13.5"
Operating System
Windows 10

The Framework Laptop (2021) is a 13.5 inch ultraportable laptop that focuses on repairability, upgradeability, and modularity. It's a thin and light device that's easy to carry around, and it feels very well-built, sporting an all-metal chassis. It has a sharp 3:2 display, a comfortable keyboard, a large touchpad, and an excellent webcam. Its modular I/O system lets you swap out the ports on the fly, and you can also use it to increase storage space. You can purchase a pre-configured model or go the DIY route, allowing you to choose each component individually to suit your needs. The internals are easy to access if you want to upgrade later on, and there are even guides online to walk you through the process. It's available with Intel 11th Gen processors that perform well in light to moderately intensive workloads but aren't ideal for demanding tasks like gaming or video editing. Unfortunately, there aren't any dedicated GPU options to boost graphical performance. Neither the CPU nor the integrated GPU throttle under load; however, the fans are loud and can be annoying in a quiet room. Battery life is excellent as it lasts over 11 hours of light productivity and 8 hours of video playback.

Our Framework Laptop 2021 is a pre-configured 'Performance' model with an Intel Core i7-1165G7 CPU, integrated Intel Iris Xe Graphics, 16GB of memory, and 512GB of storage. Most components are configurable if you choose the DIY Edition, including the CPU, memory, storage, wireless adapter, and operating system. If you only perform light tasks like web browsing, text formatting, and video playback, an Intel Core i5-1135G7 will likely be enough to provide a smooth experience. The Intel Core i7-1185G7 is the highest-end CPU configuration and includes Intel vPro features that some large businesses may require, like enhanced security and remote manageability.

Note: You can only purchase the Framework Laptop through Framework's website.

Our Verdict

8.3 School

The Framework Laptop 2021 is great for school use. It's well-built and very portable, and its battery lasts over 11 hours of light productivity, enough to comfortably get you through a typical school day. The display is sharp, the keyboard doesn't cause fatigue, and the touchpad is large and responsive. Its Intel 11th Gen processor and integrated graphics can handle tasks like web browsing and text formatting. However, it isn't ideal for demanding workloads like graphic design or 3D animation.

Pros
  • Easy to carry around thanks to thin and light design.
  • Battery lasts easily through a typical day of light productivity.
  • Large touchpad tracks well and keyboard feels good to type on.
  • Excellent webcam video quality.
  • Feels well-built.
Cons
  • Loud fans.
6.5 Gaming

The Framework Laptop 2021 is okay for gaming. Its Intel 11th Gen CPU performs well; however, its integrated graphics can't handle demanding games. You can run some older or lighter titles, but you'll have to play at low graphical settings to achieve playable frame rates in most instances. Also, it has a 60Hz display with a slow response time and no VRR support to reduce screen tearing.

Pros
  • Easy to access internals for repairs and upgrades.
  • Modular port system lets you change the port configuration on the fly.
  • CPU and GPU don't throttle under load.
Cons
  • CPU and integrated graphics can't handle demanding tasks like gaming and video editing.
  • 60Hz display with slow response time and no VRR support.
  • Loud fans.
7.4 Multimedia

The Framework Laptop 2021 is decent for media consumption. It's a very portable laptop, thanks to its thin and light design, and its battery life is excellent, lasting over 8 hours of video playback. The display is very sharp, but because it has a 3:2 aspect ratio, you'll almost always have black bars at the top and bottom of the screen. It's also an IPS panel with a relatively low contrast ratio, so it isn't the best option for dark room viewing. The speakers sound good as far as laptops go, but they don't get very loud.

Pros
  • Easy to carry around thanks to thin and light design.
  • Sharp display with full sRGB coverage.
  • Decent-sounding speakers are well suited for spoken content.
  • Battery lasts over 8 hours of video playback.
Cons
  • Speakers don't get very loud.
  • Blacks look gray in dim settings.
  • No touch input.
7.8 Workstation

The Framework Laptop 2021 is good as a workstation. Its Intel 11th Gen processor has exceptional single-thread performance, but it can't match the multi-thread performance of H-series mobile workstation CPUs with more cores and threads. Also, its integrated graphics' performance is limited, so it isn't ideal for graphically demanding tasks like video editing or 3D animation. On the upside, it's easy to access the internals for repairs and upgrades, and its port selection is excellent as you can swap out the expansion cards as needed.

Pros
  • Easy to access internals for repairs and upgrades.
  • Modular port system lets you change the port configuration on the fly.
  • Large touchpad tracks well and keyboard feels good to type on.
  • CPU and GPU don't throttle under load.
  • Fast storage drive.
Cons
  • CPU and integrated graphics can't handle demanding tasks like gaming and video editing.
  • Loud fans.
8.3 Business

The Framework Laptop 2021 is great for business use. It's a thin and light laptop that's easy to carry around, with a battery that lasts easily through a typical 8-hour workday of light productivity. The screen displays sharp images and text, the keyboard is comfortable to type on, and the touchpad tracks well. The webcam's video quality is excellent, but the microphone is too loud and picks up some background noise. Its port selection is excellent, as you can swap out the expansion cards on the fly to suit your needs. Its Intel 11th Gen processor can handle most productivity tasks like web browsing, text formatting, spreadsheets, and presentations. Unfortunately, the fans are pretty loud under load, which might bother some people in a quiet office.

Pros
  • Easy to carry around thanks to thin and light design.
  • Battery lasts easily through a typical day of light productivity.
  • Easy to access internals for repairs and upgrades.
  • Modular port system lets you change the port configuration on the fly.
  • Large touchpad tracks well and keyboard feels good to type on.
  • Excellent webcam video quality.
  • Feels well-built.
Cons
  • Loud fans.
  • 8.3 School
  • 6.5 Gaming
  • 7.4 Multimedia
  • 7.8 Workstation
  • 8.3 Business
  1. Updated Oct 11, 2022: We've uploaded a new thermal photo in the Thermals and Noise section as the previous image didn't show the correct temperature bounds. It should be 22°C to 52°C instead of 21.5°C to 43.8°C. This change doesn't affect the score.
  2. Updated Feb 23, 2022: The material type has been changed, as it was mistakenly indicated that the touchpad is plastic instead of glass.
  3. Updated Feb 14, 2022: Review published.
  4. Updated Feb 07, 2022: Early access published.

Differences Between Sizes And Variants

We tested the Framework Laptop 2021 (pre-configured Performance model) with an Intel Core i7-1165G7 CPU, integrated Intel Iris Xe graphics, 16GB of memory, and 512GB of storage. You can get the Framework Laptop as a pre-configured model or go the DIY route, allowing you to choose each component individually. Regardless of the configuration you choose, you have the option to add expansion cards (modular ports and storage drives) before checking out. You can see the configuration options in the tables below.

Pre-configured Models  Specifications
Base
  • 13.5" IPS 2256 x 1504 60Hz display
  • Intel Core i5-1135G7 (4 cores/8 threads, up to 4.20GHz)
  • Intel Iris Xe Graphics (integrated, 80 execution units)
  • 8GB DDR4 3200MHz memory
  • 256GB PCIe NVMe SSD
  • Windows 10 Home
Performance
  • 13.5" IPS 2256 x 1504 60Hz display
  • Intel Core i7-1165G7 (4 cores/8 threads, up to 4.70GHz)
  • Intel Iris Xe Graphics (integrated, 96 execution units)
  • 16GB DDR4 3200MHz memory
  • 512GB PCIe NVMe SSD
  • Windows 10 Home

Professional

  • 13.5" IPS 2256 x 1504 60Hz display
  • Intel Core i7-1185G7 (4 cores/8 threads, up to 4.80GHz)
  • Intel Iris Xe Graphics (integrated, 96 execution units)
  • 32GB DDR4 3200MHz memory
  • 1TB PCIe NVMe SSD
  • Windows 10 Pro

 

DIY Edition Options 
Screen
  • 13.5" IPS 2256 x 1504 60Hz display
CPU
  • Intel Core i5-1135G7 (4 cores/8 threads, up to 4.20GHz)
  • Intel Core i7-1165G7 (4 cores/8 threads, up to 4.70GHz)
  • Intel Core i7-1185G7 (4 cores/8 threads, up to 4.80GHz)
GPU
  • Intel Iris Xe Graphics (integrated, Core i5, 80 execution units)
  • Intel Iris Xe Graphics (integrated, Core i7, 96 execution units)
Memory
  • 8GB DDR4 3200MHz (1 x 8GB)
  • 16GB DDR4 3200MHz (1 x 16GB)
  • 16GB DDR4 3200MHz (2 x 8GB)
  • 32GB DDR4 3200MHz (1 x 32GB)
  • 32GB DDR4 3200MHz (2 x 16GB)
  • 64GB DDR4 3200MHz (2 x 32GB)
  • None (Bring your own)
Storage
  • 500GB WD Black SN850 NVMe PCIe SSD
  • 1TB WB Black SN850 PCIe NVMe SSD
  • 2TB WD Black SN850 PCIe NVMe SSD
  • 250GB WD Black SN750 PCIe NVMe SSD
  • 500GB WD Black SN750 PCIe NVMe SSD
  • 1TB WD Black SN750 PCIe NVMe SSD
  • 2TB WD Black SN750 PCIe NVMe SSD
  • 4TB WD Black SN750 PCIe NVMe SSD
  • None (Bring your own)
Wireless Adapter
  • Intel Wi-Fi 6E AX201 vPro (requires i7-1185G7 for vPro functionality)
  • Intel Wi-Fi 6e AX201 (no vPro)
  • None (Bring your own)
Operating System
  • Windows 10 Home
  • Windows 10 Pro
  • None (Bring your own)

 

Expansion cards
  • DisplayPort (1.4)
  • MicroSD (UHS-I)
  • USB-A (USB 3.2 Gen 2)
  • USB-C (USB 4, charging, DisplayPort Alt Mode)
  • HDMI (2.0b)
  • 250GB Storage
  • 1TB Storage

Our display and performance results are only valid for the configuration we tested. If you come across a different configuration option not listed above, or you have a similar Framework Laptop 2021 that doesn't correspond to our review, let us know, and we'll update it. Some tests, like black uniformity and color accuracy, may vary between individual units.

You can see our unit's label here.

Compared To Other Laptops

Compared to other laptops, the Framework Laptop 2021 stands out for its unique modular design and excellent repairability. As it's available in a DIY Edition, it's also easier to customize the laptop the way you want instead of being limited to pre-configured models.

Framework Laptop (2022)

The Framework Laptop (2022) is a newer version of the Framework Laptop (2021). They're identical in design and features, as the newer model is only an internal spec upgrade to Intel 12th Gen. platform. Intel 12th Gen. processors perform significantly better than the 11th Gen., particularly in multi-threaded workloads; however, they consume more power, leading to a much shorter battery life on the 2022 model. The 2022 Framework Laptop also adds Wi-Fi 6E, which provides faster speeds, lower latency, and less signal interference, but you need a Wi-Fi 6E-capable router to benefit from these features.

Dell XPS 13 (2021)

The Dell XPS 13 (2021) and the Framework Laptop (2021) are both ultraportable Windows laptops with Intel 11th Gen processors. The Dell provides a slightly better user experience overall as it has a more comfortable keyboard, a more responsive touchpad, and better-sounding speakers. The Dell also has sharper screen options, like a 3.5k OLED and a 4k IPS panel. However, the Framework's design makes it easier to repair and upgrade components, and it has a modular I/O system that lets you swap out ports on the fly. The Framework has longer battery life, and unlike the Dell, its CPU and GPU don't throttle under load.

Microsoft Surface Laptop 3 15 (2019)

The Framework Laptop (2021) and the Microsoft Surface Laptop 3 15 (2019) are both ultraportable laptops. The Surface Laptop 3's display is larger and brighter, its keyboard is more comfortable to type on for long periods, and its touchpad is more responsive. However, the Framework Laptop has a modular port system that lets you swap out the ports to whatever you need, and it's much easier to repair or upgrade the components. The Framework Laptop's Intel 11th Gen processors perform much better than the AMD Ryzen 3000-series CPUs on the Surface Laptop 3, and the Framework also has much longer battery.

Apple MacBook Air 13 (M1, 2020)

The Framework Laptop (2021) and the Apple MacBook Air 13 (M1, 2020) are very different laptops. The MacBook Air has limited configuration options and runs macOS, while the Framework Laptop is much more flexible as it allows you to choose each component individually, and you can even skip the operating system if you want to install something else like Linux. The Framework Laptop also has a modular I/O system that lets you change the port configuration on the fly, and it's much easier to service and upgrade. As for the user experience, the MacBook Air has a sharper screen with better reflection handling and better-sounding speakers, and its touchpad is larger and tracks better. Apple's M1 SoC performs better than the Intel Core i7-1165G7 and is more power-efficient, resulting in longer battery life.

Apple MacBook Pro 14 (2021)

The Framework Laptop (2021) and the Apple MacBook Pro 14 (2021) are both productivity laptops. However, the Framework runs Windows, while the MacBook Pro runs macOS. The MacBook Pro has a much better display as it's brighter, sharper, and more colorful, and thanks to its Mini LED backlight, it can display much deeper blacks. The MacBook Pro's keyboard feels more comfortable to type on, its touchpad is larger and tracks better, and its webcam captures a cleaner image for video calls. The MacBook Pro's M1 SoC can handle heavier workloads like video editing, and its battery lasts longer. On the other hand, the Framework Laptop is more portable, and it's easier to service and upgrade after purchase. It also has a unique modular I/O system that lets you swap out the ports on the fly.

LG gram 17 (2021)

The LG gram 17 (2021) and the Framework Laptop (2021) are thin and light Windows laptops with very different features. The LG focuses on portability by being as light as possible while still providing a premium user experience. On the other hand, the Framework focuses on repairability and upgradeability. It also has a modular port system that lets you swap out the ports on the fly. The LG has a larger display for multitasking, a bigger and more responsive touchpad, and its battery lasts much longer. The LG's fans don't get as loud under load, but its CPU and GPU throttle, whereas the Framework can maintain full performance at all times.

HP ENVY x360 13 (2020)

The Framework Laptop (2021) is better than the HP ENVY x360 13 (2020) for most uses. The Framework Laptop has a sharper display, better-sounding speakers, a larger and more responsive touchpad, and a much better webcam. The Framework Laptop's build feels sturdier, it's easier to repair and upgrade, and its modular port system lets you change the port configuration on the fly to suit your needs. On the other hand, the Envy x360 is a 2-in-1 convertible that you can use as a tablet, its keyboard feels more comfortable to type on, and it's available with a 1000 cd/m² display and AMD Ryzen 5000-series CPUs.

Apple MacBook Pro 16 (2019)

The Framework Laptop (2021) and the Apple MacBook Pro 16 (2019) are very different. The Framework Laptop is a thin and light Windows laptop, while the MacBook Pro 16 is a mobile workstation that runs on macOS and has a much more powerful dedicated GPU. The MacBook Pro has a larger, sharper, and more colorful display and a larger and more responsive touchpad. However, the Framework Laptop's keyboard feels more comfortable to type on, and its battery lasts much longer. The Framework Laptop is easier to carry around due to its smaller size and thinner profile, and it's more serviceable as it provides easy access to the internals, and most parts are user-replaceable.

Acer Swift 3 14 (2020)

The Framework Laptop (2021) is much better than the Acer Swift 3 14 (2020). The Framework Laptop offers a better user experience overall as it has a more comfortable keyboard, a larger and more responsive touchpad, and a sharper, brighter, and more colorful display. The Framework Laptop also has a webcam with better video quality and a modular port system that lets you change the port configuration on the fly to suit your needs. The Framework's build feels sturdier, and it's easier to repair and upgrade.

Lenovo Yoga 7i 14 (2021)

The Lenovo Yoga 7i 14 (2021) and the Framework Laptop (2021) are both ultraportable Windows laptops with Intel 11th Gen CPUs. However, the Yoga 7i is also a 2-in-1 convertible with a 360-degree hinge, meaning you can also use it as a tablet or in tent mode for presentations or media consumption. On the other hand, the Framework Laptop has a slightly smaller display, but it's sharper and brighter, and its 3:2 aspect ratio gives you more vertical space so that you don't have to scroll as much when reading documents. The Framework laptop has a unique design that makes it easier to upgrade the components, and its modular I/O system lets you swap out the ports on the fly to whatever you need. The Yoga 7i throttles more than the Framework Laptop, but its battery lasts much longer.

Dell Alienware m15 R3 (2020)

The Framework Laptop (2021) and the Dell Alienware m15 R3 (2020) are very different. The Framework Laptop is an ultraportable productivity laptop designed for light to moderately demanding tasks, while the Alienware m15 R3 is a thick and bulky gaming laptop. The Alienware m15 R3 can handle much heavier workloads as it's available with significantly more powerful GPUs; however, its battery lasts only a little over 3 hours of light productivity, whereas the Framework Laptop lasts well over 11 hours. The Alienware has a wider port selection and a more comfortable keyboard, but the Framework Laptop has a higher-quality webcam and a brighter display.

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Test Results

perceptual testing image
Design
Design
Style
Form Factor
Traditional (Clamshell)

The Framework Laptop 2021's design is simple and understated. It has a full aluminum chassis with relatively thin bezels on three sides and a thicker bottom chin. The speakers are on the bottom near the front, while the exhaust vents are near the back. There's a rather large Framework logo on the back of the display, but it isn't overly distracting. It features a unique modular port system that lets you swap out the ports on the fly to whatever you need. You can also use these 'expansion cards' to increase storage space.

8.5
Design
Build Quality

The Framework Laptop 2021's build feels excellent. Its all-metal chassis feels sturdy, exhibiting only a small amount of flex in the display. The finish seems fairly scratch-resistant, and the device as a whole is evenly balanced. There are tiny gaps around the display and the expansion slots, but that's part of the design as it makes it easier to replace the display panel or swap out the ports on the fly.

9.4
Design
Hinge
Range
180°
Stability
Good
One Finger Lift
Yes

The Framework Laptop 2021 has an outstanding hinge. It has a wide range so that you can share the screen with someone opposite of you, and it's very sturdy, with almost no play at all. The screen doesn't wobble even when typing aggressively.

8.8
Design
Portability
Size
13.5"
Thickness
0.7" (1.7 cm)
Width
11.7" (29.8 cm)
Depth
9.1" (23.0 cm)
Volume
71.1 in³ (1,165.2 cm³)
Weight
2.9 lbs (1.3 kg)
Charger Size
5.9 in³ (97.2 cm³)
Charger Weight
0.7 lbs (0.3 kg)

The Framework Laptop 2021 and its included power adapter are compact and light, so they're easy to fit into most bags and carry around.

8.9
Design
Serviceability
Ease Of Access
9.5
RAM Slots
2
Storage Slots
1
Replaceable Battery
Yes
Replaceable Wireless Adapter
Yes

The Framework Laptop 2021's serviceability is excellent. To access the internals, you only have to remove five P5 screws, pull the keyboard up and unclip it from the motherboard. It uses captive screws, meaning they don't come out completely, so you don't have to worry about losing them. Also, you can remove all the screws used in the assembly with the included screwdriver. All the replaceable components are easily accessible, and the components are standard parts available to the general public. The display's bezels attach magnetically, making them easier to remove should you need to replace the panel. You can't replace the CPU, but you can replace the entire motherboard. You can see the repair guides here.

Design
In The Box

  • Framework Laptop 2021
  • 60W power adapter (optional)
  • USB-C to USB-C charging cable (optional)
  • 4x USB-C Expansion cards (optional and configurable)
  • Screwdriver
  • Documentation
  • Stickers

Display
Display
Screen Specs
Resolution
2256 x 1504
Aspect Ratio
3:2
Pixel Density
200 PPI
Panel Type
IPS
Touch Screen
No
Screen-To-Body Ratio
83%

The Framework Laptop 2021 has a high-resolution screen that displays sharp images and text. Its tall 3:2 aspect ratio gives you more vertical space so that you don't have to scroll as much when reading documents and websites, but you get black bars at the top and bottom when viewing standard 16:9 videos.

5.9
Display
Refresh Rate
Refresh Rate
60 Hz
Variable Refresh Rate
No

The Framework Laptop 2021 has a basic refresh rate typical of most productivity laptops. The response time is slow, causing visible blur trails behind moving objects; this means it isn't the best option for viewing fast-moving content or gaming.

7.7
Display
Contrast
Native Contrast
1,546 : 1

The Framework Laptop has a good contrast ratio for an IPS panel; however, blacks still look gray, which isn't ideal for dark room viewing. The contrast ratio can vary between units, but not by much, and not enough to be visually noticeable.

7.7
Display
Brightness
Maximum Brightness
362 cd/m²
Minimum Brightness
11 cd/m²

The Framework Laptop 2021's display gets decently bright; enough for use in most indoor settings, but not outdoors in broad daylight. It also gets very dim at the lowest brightness setting to provide a more comfortable viewing in the dark as it causes less eye strain.

7.0
Display
Reflections
Screen Finish
Glossy
Total Reflections
4.67%
Indirect Reflections
0.37%
Calculated Direct Reflections
4.3%

The Framework Laptop 2021 has decent reflection handling. Its glossy finish struggles most with direct reflections, so it's best to avoid having bright lights shining at the screen. The finish also distorts reflections slightly, making them appear closer and stretched out.

7.6
Display
Black Uniformity
Uniformity (Std. Dev.)
0.946%

The Framework Laptop 2021's black uniformity is good. The whole screen looks grayish, but it's very uniform except for a tiny amount of backlight bleed at the bottom left corner. Black uniformity varies between individual units, though usually not by much. You may get slightly more or less backlight bleed, but you can expect the rest of the screen to be similar.

7.5
Display
Horizontal Viewing Angle
Color Washout From Left
29°
Color Washout From Right
32°
Color Shift From Left
60°
Color Shift From Right
60°
Brightness Loss From Left
29°
Brightness Loss From Right
34°
Black Level Raise From Left
60°
Black Level Raise From Right
60°
Gamma Shift From Left
34°
Gamma Shift From Right
38°

The Framework Laptop 2021 has good horizontal viewing angles. The image remains accurate until you reach a moderately steep angle to the left or right. You can share color-critical work with someone else as long as the other person isn't too far off to the side.

7.1
Display
Vertical Viewing Angle
Color Washout From Below
23°
Color Washout From Above
27°
Color Shift From Below
45°
Color Shift From Above
45°
Brightness Loss From Below
27°
Brightness Loss From Above
34°
Black Level Raise From Below
45°
Black Level Raise From Above
45°
Gamma Shift From Below
23°
Gamma Shift From Above
29°

The Framework Laptop 2021 has decent vertical viewing angles. The image looks inaccurate from above and below, but you still have a fair amount of leeway to tilt the screen before image accuracy degrades, which can be helpful when using the laptop in tight spaces like on an airplane with small tray tables.

6.1
Display
Out-Of-The-Box Color Accuracy
Avg. White Balance dE
5.18
Avg. Gamma
2.24
Avg. Color dE
3.04
Avg. Color Temperature
6,262 K

The Framework Laptop 2021's out-of-the-box color accuracy is mediocre. Most color inaccuracies are minor and hard to spot, but the white balance is noticeably off, especially at higher brightness levels. The color temperature is a little warmer than the standard 6500K target, giving the image a slight reddish tint. The gamma follows the sRGB curve for the most part, but dark scenes are over-darkened. Color accuracy varies between individual units due to manufacturing tolerances; however, most units are usually within the same ballpark.

8.5
Display
Color Gamut
sRGB xy
99.73%
sRGB uv
99.44%
Adobe RGB xy
76.47%
Adobe RGB uv
86.31%
DCI P3 xy
78.63%
DCI P3 uv
85.3%
Rec. 2020 xy
56.45%
Rec. 2020 uv
62.3%

The Framework Laptop 2021 has an excellent color gamut. It's mainly an sRGB panel as it's the only color space it covers fully. It has great coverage of the wider Adobe RGB and DCI P3 color spaces, but its Rec. 2020 coverage is sub-par. Essentially, it's suitable for content creators working in sRGB, but it isn't ideal for producing and viewing HDR content or for photo editing.

10
Display
Flicker
Flicker-Free
Yes
Flicker Frequency
No Flicker
Flicker Active Below
0%

The Framework Laptop 2021's backlight is entirely flicker-free, which helps reduce eye strain for people sensitive to flickering.

Interface
7.8
Interface
Keyboard
Typing Quality
7.5
Numpad
No
Backlighting
Adjustable
Operating Force
66 gf
Actuation Force
37 gf
Pre-Travel
1.07 mm
Total Travel
1.7 mm

The Framework Laptop 2021 has a good keyboard. The keys are well-spaced and stable, and they have a good amount of travel. It doesn't feel tiring to type on for an extended period, but it may take some time to get used to the layout, especially if you aren't used to the size and location of the Delete/Insert key. You can toggle through three backlight brightness levels using FN and the spacebar or turn the backlight off completely.

8.0
Interface
Touchpad
Tracking Quality
8.0
Size
13.5 in² (87.0 cm²)
Material
Glass
Dedicated Buttons
No

The Framework Laptop 2021 has a good touchpad. The size is decent, there aren't any issues with palm rejection, and it tracks all movements and gestures well. The click mechanism isn't very satisfying, though, and you can't click towards the top of the touchpad.

7.5
Interface
Speakers
Max Volume
74 dB SPL
Standard Error @ Normal Vol. (65 dB)
4.3 dB
Slope @ Normal Vol. (65 dB)
-0.7
Bass Extension (Low-Frequency Ext.)
325 Hz
Treble Extension (High-Frequency Ext.)
8 kHz
Dynamic Range Compression @ Max Vol.
0.6 dB

The Framework Laptop 2021 has good speakers. They're best suited for spoken content as they have a mid-centric frequency response with very little bass or treble extension. Unfortunately, they don't get very loud.

8.7
Interface
Webcam & Microphone
Video Quality
8.5
Resolution
1080p
Position
Top Center
Privacy Cover
Yes
Face Unlock
No

The Framework Laptop 2021's webcam video quality is excellent. The image is well-exposed, has a good amount of fine details, and the colors look natural. The microphone sounds clear, but it's very loud and picks up some background noise. There are privacy covers for both the camera and microphone.

Connectivity
8.5
Connectivity
Ports
USB-A Ports
0
USB-C Ports
4
Thunderbolt
Thunderbolt 4
USB-C Charging
Yes
USB-C Display Out
Yes
HDMI
No
DisplayPort
No
3.5mm Jack
Combo mic/headphone
Card Reader
No
Ethernet
No
Proprietary Port
No
Security Lock
No

The Framework Laptop 2021's port selection is excellent. It has a modular port system that allows you to change the type of ports you have on the fly. Each port is a small cartridge called an 'expansion card,' and you can install up to four at a time. However, one of the ports has to be a USB-C port; otherwise, you wouldn't be able to charge the laptop. You can get an expansion card with the following port or storage drive:

  • DisplayPort 1.4
  • MicroSD UHS-I
  • USB-A (USB 3.2 Gen 2, up to 10Gbps)
  • USB-C (USB 4, charging, DisplayPort Alt Mode)
  • HDMI 2.0b
  • 250GB SSD
  • 1TB SSD

Note: The USB-C port doesn't officially support Thunderbolt 4; however, it works with most Thunderbolt 4 docks, and it can output up to two 4k displays at 60Hz.

Connectivity
Wireless Communication
Wi-Fi
Wi-Fi 6 (802.11ax)
Bluetooth
5.2

The Framework Laptop 2021's wireless adapter is an Intel Wi-Fi AX201. The pre-configured Intel Core i7-1185G7 model has an Intel Wi-Fi 6 AX201 with vPro. If you choose a DIY Edition, you can skip the wireless adapter altogether.

Configuration
Configuration
CPU
Brand
Intel
Model
Core i7-1165G7
Core Count
4
Thread Count
8

Whether you choose a pre-configured model or a DIY Edition of the Framework Laptop 2021, there are essentially three CPU options: an Intel Core i5-1135G7, an Intel Core i7-1165G7, or an Intel Core i7-1185G7. All three are power-efficient processors designed for thin and light laptops with 4 cores and 8 threads. However, the Core i7s run at higher clock speeds and have a larger L3 cache than the Core i5. The Core i7s will be faster than the Core i5 overall, but the performance difference isn't huge and is only noticeable if you push the CPUs to their maximum capacity. It's unlikely that you'll see much difference in performance if you have a light workload that consists of tasks like web browsing, text formatting, and video playback, the types of workloads these processors are designed for. The Core i7-1185G7 is the fastest CPU option, but the performance gain over the i7-1165G7 is minimal as it only has a small clock speed bump. That said, the i7-1185G7 has extra vPro features that some businesses may require. Intel's vPro platform ensures that you get the highest performing chips, and it also includes additional security and remote manageability features.

Configuration
GPU
Brand
Intel
Model
Iris Xe Graphics G7
Dedicated/Integrated
Integrated
VRAM Size
N/A

The Framework Laptop 2021 is only available with integrated graphics. All three CPUs have Intel Iris Xe graphics; however, the Core i5's GPU has 80 execution units, while the Core i7s have 96 execution units. The Core i7s will perform better than the Core i5, but the difference is small and only noticeable when performing demanding tasks that push the GPU to its maximum capacity.

Configuration
RAM
Capacity
16 GB
Modules
2
Type
DDR4
Speed
3,200 MHz

The pre-configured Base model of the Framework Laptop 2021 has 8GB of memory, the Performance model has 16GB, and the Professional model has 32GB. If you choose a DIY Edition, you can configure it with 8, 16, or 32GB in single-channel or dual-channel mode, or skip it altogether if you want to add your own memory modules. Unless you plan on adding upgrading yourself, it's best to avoid the single-channel configurations as running in single-channel mode can hamper performance in some applications.

Configuration
Storage
Advertised Capacity
512 GB
Usable Capacity
477 GB
Drive 1
Western Digital Black SN750
Drive 1 Type SSD
Drive 2
No 2nd Drive
Drive 2 Type No 2nd Drive

The pre-configured Base model of the Framework Laptop 2021 has 256GB of storage, the Performance model has 512GB, and the Professional has 1TB. If you go the DIY route, you can choose between a PCIe 3.0 Western Digital Black SN750 SSD or a faster PCIe 4.0 Western Digital Black SN850 SSD. The SN750 is available in various sizes ranging from 250GB to 4TB, while the SN850 is available from 500GB to 2TB. These are all M.2 PCIe NVMe SSDs that go inside the laptop, not the expansion cards. You can skip the storage configuration if you want to add your own custom storage drive.

Performance
8.2
Performance
Geekbench 5 (Synthetics)
CPU Single-Thread
1,584 points
CPU Multi-Thread
5,013 points
GPU Compute
17,166 points

The Framework Laptop 2021's overall score in Geekbench 5 is great. Its single-thread performance is outstanding and better than many laptops with a power-hungry H-series processor, but it isn't as good as Apple's M1 SoC. Its multi-thread performance is good; however, if you regularly use heavily multi-threaded applications, it's best to get a laptop with a processor that has more cores and threads. Likewise, while its GPU compute score is good for integrated graphics, it's significantly behind dedicated GPUs.

For the most part, the Intel Core i7-1165G7 is powerful enough for general productivity tasks like web browsing, text formatting, spreadsheets, and video playback. It can also handle some moderately intensive workloads like photo editing as long as the material isn't overly complex and there aren't too many layers and effects. However, it isn't ideal for demanding tasks like 3D animation or video editing. The Intel Core i7-1185G7's overall performance will be a little better, but the Core i5-1135G7 will be slightly worse.

8.7
Performance
Cinebench R23 (CPU Rendering)
Single-Thread
1,525 points
Multi-Thread
5,620 points

The Framework Laptop 2021's overall score in Cinebench R23 is excellent. Its single-thread performance is outstanding, matching the Apple MacBook Pro 16 (2021)'s M1 Max SoC. Its multi-thread performance is good for a 4-core, 8-thread CPU, but it lags behind other processors with more cores and threads.

6.4
Performance
Blender (3D Rendering)
CPU Render Time
6.9 min
GPU Render Time
N/A
GPU Render Time (Optix)
N/A

The Framework Laptop 2021's performance in Blender is mediocre. It has one of the best CPU rendering times for a power-efficient U-series processor, but it's too slow for professionals working on a deadline. It's best to do this type of rendering work on a laptop with a more powerful H-series CPU or an Apple MacBook Pro with Apple silicon, like the Apple MacBook Pro 16 (2021). Blender doesn't support the integrated GPU; however, it'll likely take longer than the CPU to render the same scene. The Core i5-1135G7 will be slower, likely in the same ballpark as the Acer Swift 3 14 (2020). The Intel Core i7-1185G7 will be slightly faster, but it still won't be good enough for professional use.

5.1
Performance
Basemark GPU (Game Scene)
Overall Score
16,658

The Framework Laptop 2021 performs poorly in the Basemark GPU benchmark. It's among the better scores for integrated graphics, but it's still much lower than even an entry-level dedicated GPU like the NVIDIA GeForce GTX 1650 in the HP Pavilion Gaming Laptop 15 (2021). Essentially, you can run some lighter or older titles, but you almost certainly have to lower the graphical settings to near minimum to get smooth frame rates.

9.3
Performance
Storage Drive Performance
Sequential Write Speed
1,424.5 MB/s
Sequential Read Speed
2,562.7 MB/s
Random Write Speed
111.5 MB/s
Random Read Speed
48.9 MB/s

The 512GB Western Digital Black SN750 SSD performs exceptionally well. It has fast read and write speeds, so the system boots up, launches apps, and transfers files quickly. The Western Digital Black SN850 SSDs will be even faster as they're PCIe Gen 4 drives. The speed of the SSD may vary depending on the size, as larger SSDs tend to perform better.

Framework advertises that the expansion card storage drives support USB 3.2 Gen 2 standards. The 250GB drive has up to 1000 MB/s read and 375 MB/s write speeds, while the 1TB drive has 1000 MB/s read and 1000 MB/s write speeds.

8.7
Performance
Battery
Capacity
55 Wh
Battery Life (Web Browsing)
11.4 hrs
Battery Life (Video Playback)
8.1 hrs
Battery Life (Gaming)
1.7 hrs
Charge Time
2.7 hrs

The Framework Laptop 2021 has excellent battery life. You can easily get through a typical 8-hour day of light productivity with plenty of charge to spare. Video playback consumes more power, but it still lasts long enough to get through a couple of full-length movies and TV show episodes. The battery life is extremely short when performing CPU- and GPU-intensive tasks like gaming and video editing, though it's better than most laptops with a dedicated GPU. Battery life varies greatly depending on usage.

2.2
Performance
Borderlands 3
Avg. FPS
14 fps
1% Low
10 fps
0.1% Low
7 fps
1% Low Delta
31 ms
0.1% Low Delta
79 ms
Avg. FPS On Very Low
31 fps

The Framework Laptop 2021 performs badly in Borderlands 3. It can barely reach playable frame rates at the lowest graphical settings, and even then, it's still very choppy due to frame drops. Neither the Intel Core i5-1135G7 nor the Core i7-1185G7 will provide a satisfactory gaming experience.

4.8
Performance
Civilization VI
Avg. FPS
23 fps
1% Low
16 fps
0.1% Low
16 fps
1% Low Delta
19 ms
0.1% Low Delta
21 ms
Avg. FPS On Minimum
91 fps
Avg. Turn Time
7.71 s

Civilization VI runs poorly on the Framework Laptop 2021 with an Intel Core i7-1165G7. The average frame rate at high settings is low; however, the frame times are very consistent, so gameplay feels relatively smooth. It isn't the smoothest experience, but it's somewhat playable because Civilization VI is a turn-based game that doesn't require fast reaction times. The turn time is reasonably fast, and it'll be slightly shorter on the i7-1185G7 but longer on the i5-1135G7.

6.1
Performance
Counter-Strike: Global Offensive
Avg. FPS
78 fps
1% Low
31 fps
0.1% Low
25 fps
1% Low Delta
20 ms
0.1% Low Delta
27 ms
Avg. FPS On Low
109 fps

The Framework Laptop 2021 with an Intel Core i7-1165G7 has mediocre performance in CS:GO. Its average frame rate at high settings is over 60fps, but there are lots of stutters as the frame rate drops into the 20s regularly. It'll be much smoother if you turn the graphical settings down to minimum. The i7-1185G7 will perform similarly, while the i5-1135G7 will be slightly worse.

3.5
Performance
Shadow Of The Tomb Raider
Avg. FPS
18 fps
1% Low
14 fps
0.1% Low
9 fps
1% Low Delta
18 ms
0.1% Low Delta
58 ms
Avg. FPS On Lowest
30 fps

The Framework Laptop 2021 performs poorly in Shadow of the Tomb Raider at 1080p with high settings. It can reach playable frame rates at the lowest graphical settings, but there are still some stutters here and there. None of the CPU options can provide a smooth gaming experience.

7.2
Performance
Thermals And Noise
Keyboard Temp While Idle
28 °C (83 °F)
Keyboard Temp Under Load
42 °C (108 °F)
Fan Noise While Idle
25.0 dBA
Fan Noise Under Load
51.5 dBA
Power & Fan Control App
No

The Framework Laptop 2021 has decent thermal and noise performance. The keyboard deck is cool when idle, and although it gets slightly toasty under load, it doesn't cause discomfort. Unfortunately, the fans are loud under load. It isn't as bad as powerful gaming laptops with lots of fans, but it can be annoying if you're in a quiet room.

9.9
Performance
Performance Over Time
CPU Temp (Cinebench)
81 °C
CPU Perf. Loss (Cinebench)
0% loss
GPU Temp (Heaven)
66 °C
GPU Perf. Loss (Heaven)
0% loss

The Framework Laptop 2021's performance over time is superb as there isn't any thermal throttling on the CPU or GPU. The CPU gets hot under load, but there's still plenty of thermal headroom, so it's unlikely that the higher-clocked Core i7-1185G7 will throttle.

Additional Features And Software
Additional Features And Software
Software
Operating System
Windows 10
Additional Software
None

The Base and Performance pre-configured models of the Framework Laptop 2021 come with Windows 10 Home, while the Professional model comes with Windows 10 Pro. If you get a DIY Edition, you can choose between Home and Pro, or skip the operating system altogether. There aren't any pre-installed applications aside from those that typically come with Windows 10.

Additional Features And Software
Extra Features
RGB Illumination
No
Touch Pen
No
Secondary Display
No
Biometrics
Fingerprint Sensor

The Framework Laptop 2021 has a fingerprint sensor at the top right corner of the keyboard deck, above the Delete key. It lets you log into Windows quickly and make purchases on the Windows Store.

Discussions