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Test Benches and Ratings

Price is not a factor in our scores.

A test bench is a set of tests that we perform on the products we test. In order to come up with the set of tests that will be included in a test bench, a rigorous process is followed during which many factors affect the final decision. Among the most important factors for including a test is whether it answers a few important questions regarding the true capabilities of the product, whether it will answer questions about what most people care about, and how accurately and consistently can it measure a specific feature.

Test benches include some usage performance indicators we call Ratings. Ratings aim at estimating the performance of a product during a specific use. To construct a Rating, we first choose which of the tests matter for the performance of the product during the specific use. Then we assign a weight to its importance. The value of the weights assigned on each test for each Rating is based on our experience regarding the test and its relevance to the specific usage. The numerical value of each Rating is assigned simply by computing the weighted average.

Test benches, ratings, and individual tests are updated on an as-needed basis, but not more than once a year. Once a test bench update is finalized, the tests included in this version and the way their respective score is calculated remains unchanged until the next test bench update is released. Each update tries to encapsulate technological advances/changes that break our current tests, or the introduction of new methodologies that result in more accurate/consistent measurements.


02/27/2019: Test bench 1.3

03/12/2018: Test bench 1.2

08/10/2017: Test bench 1.1

07/21/2016: Test bench 1.0

How to interpret the scores

10 to 7.5

This TV is great for this usage or test. You will be satisfied with it. When we discuss tests or products that fall into this category, we usually use adjectives like good, very good, great, impressive, excellent, remarkable, outstanding, superb, amazing, etc.

7.4 to 6.0

It is good enough for most people, but if you care about this usage or test, it will bother you. When we discuss tests or products that fall into this category we usually use adjectives like mediocre, middling, passable, adequate, not bad, unremarkable, decent, okay, alright, acceptable, satisfactory, reasonable, fair, ordinary, etc. We also use sub-par or sub-standard when the score is at the lower end of the scale.

5.9 to 0.0

This TV is below average at this usage or test. It could be an issue even if you aren't particularly picky about this aspect. When we discuss tests or products that fall into this category, we usually use adjectives like disappointing, inadequate, poor, inferior, bad, terrible, very bad, awful, etc.


Mixed Usage
TV Shows
Video Games
HDR Movies
HDR Gaming
PC Monitor

Test Results

Picture Quality
4k Input
720p Input
Local Dimming
Permanent Burn-In Risk
Permanent Burn-In Risk
Total Reflections
Indirect Reflections
Post Calibration
White Balance dE
Color dE
Color Temperature
Pre Calibration
White Balance dE
Color dE
Color Temperature
Color Gamut
DCI P3 xy
DCI P3 uv
Rec 2020 xy
Rec 2020 uv
Temporary Image Retention
IR after 0 min recovery
IR after 2 min recovery
IR after 4 min recovery
IR after 6 min recovery
IR after 8 min recovery
IR after 10 min recovery
SDR Peak Brightness
SDR Real Scene Peak Brightness
SDR Peak 2% Window
SDR Peak 10% Window
SDR Peak 25% Window
SDR Peak 50% Window
SDR Peak 100% Window
SDR Sustained 2% Window
SDR Sustained 10% Window
SDR Sustained 25% Window
SDR Sustained 50% Window
SDR Sustained 100% Window
1080p Input
480p Input
Color Volume
Normalized DCI P3 Coverage ITP
Normalized Rec 2020 Coverage ITP
Black Uniformity
Native Std. Dev.
Std. Dev. w/ L.D.
Native Contrast
Contrast with local dimming
Red (Std. Dev.)
Green (Std. Dev.)
Blue (Std. Dev.)
Gray (Std. Dev.)
Gray Uniformity
50% Std. Dev.
50% DSE
5% Std. Dev.
5% DSE
Viewing Angle
Color Washout
Color Shift
Brightness Loss
Black Level Raise
Gamma Shift
HDR Peak Brightness
HDR Real Scene Peak Brightness
HDR Peak 2% Window
HDR Peak 10% Window
HDR Peak 25% Window
HDR Peak 50% Window
HDR Peak 100% Window
HDR Sustained 2% Window
HDR Sustained 10% Window
HDR Sustained 25% Window
HDR Sustained 50% Window
HDR Sustained 100% Window
Frame Hold Time @ 24 fps
Frame Hold Time @ 60 fps
Variable Refresh Rate
4k VRR Maximum
4k VRR Minimum
1080p VRR Maximum
1080p VRR Minimum
Black Frame Insertion (BFI)
Min Flicker for 60 fps
60 Hz for 60 fps
120 Hz for 120 fps
Min Flicker for 60 fps in Game Mode
PWM Dimming Frequency
Motion Interpolation
Motion Interpolation (30 fps)
Motion Interpolation (60 fps)
Response Time
80% Response Time
100% Response Time
24p Judder
Judder-Free 24p
Judder-Free 24p via 60p
Judder-Free 24p via 60i
Judder-Free 24p via Native Apps
Input Lag
1080p @ 60 Hz
1440p @ 60 Hz
4k @ 60 Hz
4k @ 60 Hz + HDR
4k @ 60 Hz @ 4:4:4
1080p @ 120 Hz
1080p with Variable Refresh Rate
4k with VRR
Inputs Specifications
Dolby Vision
Supported Resolutions
1080p @ 60Hz @ 4:4:4
1080p @ 120Hz
1440p @ 60Hz
1440p @ 120 Hz
4k @ 60Hz
4k @ 60Hz @ 4:4:4
8k @ 30 Hz or 24 Hz
Sound Quality
Frequency Response
Low-Frequency Extension
Std. Dev. @ 70
Std. Dev. @ 80
Std. Dev. @ Max
Dynamic Range Compression
Weighted THD @ 80
Weighted THD @ Max
IMD @ 80
IMD @ Max
Smart Features
Remote App
Apps and Features

Additional information

Hover over any usage ratings in a review or recommendation page to see the components. Changes in scores due to firmware updates are noted in a yellow banner at the top of a review, and any changes to overall weightings or scoring are listed below. The test bench version each product was tested in is listed on the review, next to the ratings.



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